The Western rock garden or”arid landscape garden”, frequently known as a zen garden, generates a tiny stylized landscape via carefully written structures of rocks, water characteristics, moss, pruned trees and bushes, and utilizes sand or gravel which is raked to signify ripples in water. A zen garden is generally comparatively small, surrounded by a wall, and is generally supposed to be found while seated out of one perspective outside that the garden, like the porch of this hojo, the house of their chief monk of the temple or monastery. Classical zen gardens were made at forests of Zen Buddhism in Kyoto, Japan during the Muromachi Period. They were meant to mimic the romantic essence of character, not its true look, and to function the aid to meditation concerning the real significance of life.
Zen gardens were developed during the 8th century and frequently mimicked the gardens of China’s Song Dynasty. Tiny lakes and islands covered with moss and just manicured grasses and shrubs along with bigger rocks and gravel beds meant to be a symbol of nature’s soul on a more romantic scale.